Are the pyrotechnics products we use safe?
New Year's Eve arrives and with it the Christmas markets and stalls They are filled with joke and pyrotechnics that give light and color, noise and fuss to these parties. This makes us ask some questions such as: They're safe The pyrotechnic products we use? In what conditions Are they manufactured and stored? Can they be sold anywhere? Is there any quantity limit of products that I can buy and store at home? Which is the minimum age for use?
The utilization of pyrotechnics items is increasingly widespread and it serves as fun at younger and younger ages, so in the purchase it is important to keep in mind that it includes the CE marking, which indicates the conformity of the product to current regulations.
From Legálitas we answer some questions about the use of pyrotechnic material.
5 tips when buying pyrotechnic items
As consumers it is essential to consider the following issues when buying pyrotechnic items:
1. The minimum unit of sale the consumer must be a container, not being authorized to buy single units.
2. For security reasons to market, distribute or use pyrotechnic articles intended for non-experts, it is mandatory that they bear the CE marking.
3. It is forbidden to sell products by correspondence, telephone or computer media. The delivery of the products will be carried out with the mandatory presence of the buyer at the store.
4. The sellers Pyrotechnic articles may refuse to market their products to those who clearly show that they may be under the influence of alcohol or narcotic substances.
5. Regarding the minimum age for the client:
- The minimum age of sale is 12 years for pyrotechnics of very low danger and insignificant noise level intended to be used in delimited areas, including those intended for use within residential buildings (F1 category).
- The minimum age of sale is 16 years for pyrotechnics of low danger and low noise destined to be used outdoors in delimited areas (Category F2).
- The minimum age of sale is 18 years for medium-dangerous pyrotechnics intended for use outdoors in large areas and whose noise level is not harmful to human health (Category F3).
The Autonomous communities may decrease the minimum ages for the use of the categories F1 to 8 years and F2 to 10 years, provided that the users have received sufficient training for safe use, that the use be under the supervision of an adult prior written authorization of who holds their parental rights or guardianship and that the CCAA take all necessary measures to ensure that these age limits are met. This will be done only with respect to specific times and places and for the use of cataloged devices that will be used during the development of their "entrenched customs".
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Regulation and penalties for use of pyrotechnics
The authorization or not of the public use of pyrotechnic products is regulated by the Municipal ordinances, some of which are specifically referred to Christmas dates. In those cases where use is restricted or prohibited, motivated by reasons of citizen coexistence, noise levels, etc., it is advisable to consult the possible sanctions which may lead to non-compliance, which can range from € 750 in Alcalá de Henares (Madrid), or a maximum of € 600 in Seville with the particularity that the use of small-scale pyrotechnic devices will not be punishable on 24, 25 and December 31, and January 1 at the times defined by the standard.
However, the above is in the state regulations where the common requirements of production, storage, transport, sale, inspections, quality controls are established for the entire territory…. of these products, in accordance with the provisions of Royal Decree 989/2015, of October 30, which approves the regulation of pyrotechnic articles and cartridges.
The manufacture of pyrotechnics
The manufacture of pyrotechnic articles and cartridges will be carried out in workshops that obtain the certificate of suitability and commissioning, and will also be inspected every twelve months by the competent authorities. The manufacturing process is carefully regulated (location, isolation, surveillance and security measures, entry and exit controls ...). Pyrotechnic items, according to law, will be manufactured according to their danger, according to the legally established categories, some of them being exclusively professional use.
Pyrotechnic Packaging and Packaging
The Containers and packaging of pyrotechnics items will be approved and on the outside must include the marks that indicate the conformity of the product to the type of approved design, durable and visible, must include preventive phrases of safety and risks.
He labeled, must have the data identified in the regulations, among others the manufacturer, instructions for use, minimum safety distance, it will be indicated if it is for exclusive use outdoors, exclusive use for experts, etc.
In particular, the CE marking It is essential, as it indicates the conformity of the product to the current regulations and it will be placed in a visible, legible and indelible way on the pyrotechnic articles or, not being possible, on the label of the packages and packaging.
Pyrotechnics storage and transportation
Once manufactured, the storage of this type of products, given its danger, it will be carried out in deposits that meet the established requirements of distances, infrastructure, fire services, etc., being inspected every twelve months by the Functional Area of Industry and Energy in whose territory they are located.
He transport must comply with the provisions of this legal provision, also depending on the means used (road, rail, air ...), being prohibited to the carrier to smoke, use electronic cigarettes or any other similar device that could detonate the items.
The pyrotechnics marketing
The marketing of pyrotechnic articles must be carried out by duly authorized establishments, and temporary sale may be made in establishments and mobile booths, with or without a warehouse.
With these products already put into circulation, we must keep in mind that there will always be a quality control, so that those pyrotechnic items in which it is detected that there is a risk to the health or safety of people or other aspects of the protection of the public interest, it will be requested that appropriate measures be taken to correct the product or to withdraw it from the market.